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​​成功的防疫知识——致海外的中国留学人员(三十)

时间:2020-03-25 15:05:43 来源:中国留学人才发展基金会 作者:宣传联络部

编者按:

       新型冠状病毒感染的疫情爆发后,全球多地疫情发展趋势不容乐观,多国疫情预警级别依旧在上升。为进一步提高海外中国留学人员防疫意识,保护留学人员身心健康和人身安全,中国留学人才发展基金会在微信公众号和官网设立《成功的防疫知识——致海外的中国留学人员》专栏,定期推送冠状病毒科普知识、实用防疫方法、常见应激情景、防护用具使用、自我调节心理等,支持海外留学人员坚定信念,科学防疫,保持健康。不管身在何方,祖国永远是你们坚强的后盾!

 

 

 

新冠病毒防控提示:如何正确使用口罩

COVID-19 Prevention: How to use a mask correctly

 

 
1. When to use a mask?
1) Wear a mask if you are meeting someone, going to a crowded or confined place, or taking a public transport.
2) You don't have to wear a mask when you are alone or stay in a wide-open area.
2. What type of mask should we wear?
1) Ordinary people (except from medical workers or epidemic prevention workers) can wear disposable medical masks.
2) Staffs working in crowded places (e.g. hospitals, airports, railway stations, supermarkets, restaurants), policeman and security, and those who live with them, are recommended to wear medical surgical masks, or particulate protective masks that meet N95 / KN95 and above standards.

 
3. How to put on a mask?
1) Locate the metal strip at the top of the mask, place over your nose bridge. Make sure the dark side of the mask outwards.
2) Make sure the mask covers your nose, mouth and chin.
3) Use fingertips press the metal strip at the top of the mask slowly, from the middle to the sides, until it is close to the bridge of the nose.
4) Adjust the mask and make sure the mask fits your face well.
Note: Medical surgical masks usually have three-layer structure. The outer layer is made of water blocking material to prevent respiratory droplets from entering the mask. The middle layer has the function of filtering. The inner layer is hygroscopic.

4. Can we use a face mask with breathing valve?
1) Ordinary people can wear face masks with breathing valve, because face mask with breathing valve can protect the wearer.
2) Suspected and confirmed patients should not wear face masks with breathing valve, because the breathing valve cannot prevent the wearer's droplets from spreading into the environment.

 
5. Do we have to use disposable masks?
1) Ordinary people can reuse the mask according to the cleanliness of the mask without contact with suspected and confirmed patients. Do not share a mask with anyone. Before putting on a mask, clean hands with alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water. Avoid touching the inside of the mask when wearing it.
2) When the mask is deformed, damaged, contaminated with respiratory droplets or other contaminants, or has an unpleasant smell, replace it with a new one.
6. How to keep a reusable mask?
1) To reuse the mask, hang it in a clean and dry place with good ventilation, or keep it in a clean and breathable paper bag.
2) Masks used by different people should be stored separately. Medical standard protective masks cannot be washed and disinfected by using disinfectants and heating. Other non-medical masks should be deal with according to instructions.

 
7. How to discard a mask?
1) Masks used by ordinary people have no risk of spreading the new coronavirus. After use, the masks should be sealed in plastic bags and disposed of according to the household garbage classification requirements.
2) Masks used by suspected patients and nursing staffs should be treated as medical waste. Wash hands after disposing of the mask.
8. How do pregnant women and children choose masks?
1) Pregnant women should pay attention to their own conditions and choose a protective mask with good comfort.
2) Children have small faces, and they should use child-special protective masks.
9. What to do if the elderly and patients with other diseases feel uncomfortable when wearing masks?
1) Elderly people and patients with chronic diseases such as heart and lung diseases, may feel uncomfortable when wearing a mask. They should seek professional guidance from a doctor.

来源:张文宏教授支招防控新型冠病毒

 
温馨说明:本栏目英文由我会根据来源处内容整理并翻译。
(责任编辑:宣传联络部)
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