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全球抗疫英雄谱——奋战在国际抗击新冠肺炎(COVID-19)一线的医护人员

时间:2020-06-27 14:17:13 来源:中国留学人才发展基金会 作者:宣传联络部

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澳大利亚维多利亚州首席卫生官布雷特·萨顿(Brett Sutton):在人们重返工作岗位时管理好疫情传播风险

 

布雷特·萨顿Brett Sutton是澳大利亚维多利亚首席卫生官,负责管理该州卫生和食品相关事宜,也负责为公共卫生相关问题提供专家级的临床和科学建议在处理相关问题时发挥领导作用。

18个月前,布雷特·萨顿接任维多利亚州首席卫生官一职。他表示,平均每25年就会暴发一场大流行病。他诉澳大利亚广播电台墨尔本分部的拉夫·爱斯坦Raf Epstein)说“我知道,抗击流行病是公共卫生医生和首席卫生官职责,并且认为自己在担任首席卫生官员这一角色时很可能会遇到大流行病类似的问题

表示,大流行病的暴发可能会变得更加频繁,比如10年暴发一次。随着环境恶化越来越严重,以及人类与动物之间出现越来越多的互动,这种风险逐渐增加。

疫情暴发后,布雷特·萨顿一直是维多利亚州抗疫前线的医学代表,经常与总理丹尼尔·安德鲁斯(Daniel Andrews)和卫生部长珍妮·米卡科斯(Jenny Mikakos)一起参加每日新冠肺炎疫情新闻发布会。他带领该州度过了疫情最严重的时期当时专家们预测这种大流行病带来的影响会是灾难性的。

维多利亚州投入数百万美元用于当地医院系统的建设与完善,以确保在整个州的新设施中开设新的重症监护病床,确保医院系统为抗击疫情做好准备

截至6月3日,维多利亚州新增19死亡病例,累计1663例死亡病例成功度过了疫情最严重的时期。

萨顿教授表示,澳大利亚已经做好了充分准备,一定能够将疫情控制住他指出,公共卫生工作的价值常常被低估,尤其是在最有效的时候。“我一直希望公共卫生工作的技能和人才方面能够得到关注、资源和发展,不仅仅是为了应对大流行病,也为了应对目前公共卫生无法解决的其他问题当事情变得非常糟糕的时候,人们开始关注公共卫生工作……但是我们非常努力地工作,以确保许多不好的事情基本上不会发生,我认为我们在这一方面已经取得了成功。”但是这项工作远未结束。

6月,萨顿教授还有许多工作要做,他要重新审查当前实施的限制措施,并研究如何管理放宽限制措施后将会面临的风险。他指出,一定要在人们重返工作岗位时管理好疫情传播风险

维多利亚州当局面临的其中一个挑战,就是如何让人们安全的复工。如何实现这一目标是一个重要的问题,目标公共交通的运行保持在15%,以控制冠状病毒传播,但萨顿教授认为,这并不一定可行“其他司法管辖区管理的公共交通密度要远高于此。错开上班时间,让一些人选择不同的交通工具也会有所帮助显然,我们可以对人们的出行时间提出建议,这样人们就不会上下班高峰乘坐公共交通时感到拥挤。他说。

萨顿教授表示,虽然多利亚州每日新增病例数量仍保持在两位数,但该州正朝着正确的方向发展。“我们不希望再出现新增病例,我们希望用和其他地区一样的方式来结束这场大流行病

 

 

 

Victoria's Chief Health Officer Brett Sutton said a pandemic was 'in the back of my mind' when he took job

 

When Brett Sutton became Victoria's Chief Health Officer 18 months ago, he had the possibility of a pandemic — which would change the way we live — in the back of his mind. 

But that is not to say he expected it. Pandemics occur, on average, every 25 years, he said. 

"I knew pandemics [are] absolutely the province of public health physicians and chief health officers," he told ABC Radio Melbourne's Raf Epstein. 

"You don't necessarily expect it in your tenure … but it was in the back of my mind that it could come across my desk while I was in the role." 

He said pandemics may become more frequent, like every 10 years, because the risk grew with environmental degradation and "our human-animal interaction". 

Brett Sutton has been the medical face of the pandemic in Victoria, often starring at the daily coronavirus press conferences alongside Premier Daniel Andrews and Minister for Health Jenny Mikakos. 

He steered the state through the worst of the pandemic which, in the early stages, was predicted to be catastrophic. 

Millions of dollars were poured into the state's hospital system to ensure it was prepared with new intensive care beds opened in new facilities across the state. 

Millions and millions of items of personal protection gear were hunted down around the world at the peak of the pandemic to keep the medical staff safe. 

Thankfully, a lot of those resources were not needed. 

With 19 deaths and 1,663 cases of coronavirus, Victoria has escaped the worst of the pandemic which has devastated Italy, the UK and the United States. 

Professor Sutton said Australia was sufficiently prepared to manage the pandemic "in the terrific way we have". 

He said the value of public health work was often underestimated, particularly when it was most effective. 

"My hope is always that public health has the kind of focus and resourcing and development in terms of skills and the people available for it, not just for pandemics, but for all of the other things that public health makes not happen," he said. 

"It's when things go horribly wrong, that's when people look at public health … but we work really hard to ensure things largely don't happen and I think we've been successful in this case." 

But the work is far from over. 

Managing the risk as people return to work 

Professor Sutton still has a lot on his plate: the month of June will be spent reviewing the current restrictions and working out how to manage the risks of relaxing them. 

One of those challenges is getting people back to work. How they get there is going to be a big part of the problem. 

The aim is to keep public transport operating at about 15 per cent of capacity to control the spread of coronavirus, but Professor Sutton admits that will not always be possible. 

"But other jurisdictions are managing public transport at higher densities than that," he said. 

He said staggered start times and having people take "alternate means" of transport would also help. 

"We'll obviously make recommendations about the times that people go so that the very peak hours for people on public transport isn't so much of a crush." 

While acknowledging the number of cases being diagnosed daily in Victoria was often still in the double digits, Professor Sutton said Victoria was headed in the right direction. 

"We're not looking for more cases — we're looking to end this in just the same way everyone else has," he said.

 

来源:ABC News, Health.vic

 

温馨说明:本栏目中文内容由我会根据来源处内容整理并翻译。

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