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全球抗疫英雄谱——奋战在国际抗击新冠肺炎(COVID-19)一线的医护人员

时间:2020-08-05 09:46:54 来源:中国留学人才发展基金会 作者:宣传联络部

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伊朗伊斯法罕省新冠公共宣传计划负责人费泽·胡赛尼(Feezeh Hosseini):帮助难民抗击新冠肺炎疫情

 

 

费泽·胡赛尼(Feezeh Hosseini)是伊朗伊斯兰共和国中部伊斯法罕省新冠公共宣传计划负责人,也是一名38岁的阿富汗难民伊朗疫情暴发后,费泽医生在为埃斯法罕地区霍梅尼沙尔的拉齐健康中心为新冠患者提供治疗之余,还为被感染或有较高感染风险的伊朗和阿富汗患者提供电话咨询服务。几个月以来,她和小组的五名医务人员每天晚上都要大约200个家庭通话

费泽医生说:像其他医生一样,冠状病毒让我感到无能为力,因此这些电话成为我帮助那些困在家中,需要医疗建议和帮助的人们的一种方法。”费泽医生和她的团队通过电话新冠患者进行交谈,然后那些检测结果呈阳性无需接受住院治疗的患者提供服务。小组成员在回家之前也提醒家人做好卫生预防措施,防止病毒传播。

“在伊朗,人们对疫情防控感到厌倦,大部分无法坚持遵守卫生预防措施和社会隔离规定。但是还是有许多人,尤其是阿富汗社区的人们,都会听取费泽医生的建议。费泽医生的小组成员如是说。

费泽医生在一个月大的时候跟随父母逃离阿富汗北部萨尔普勒省来到伊朗。在母亲的鼓励下,费泽医生成功考入医学院。大学时期克服人们的偏见和经济上的困难,完成了学业在医院工作了许多年,经常组织与阿富汗社区,就卫生营养和饮食等方面的问题进行讨论“能够为身在伊朗的阿富汗人带来帮助,我感到很高兴,但我知道我可以为他们做更多事情”她说

2016年,她工作得到了伊朗政府的认可,获得了医学执照成为伊斯法罕省第一位也是唯一一位难民医生伊斯法罕省约有500万居民10万名难民。

7月20日,费泽医生在拉齐健康中心6名医务人员的工作进行监督该中心联合国难民署支持建造。该中心每月都会为大约10000名伊朗和阿富汗患者提供治疗。自新冠肺炎疫情暴发以来,他们一直在筛查、检测和治疗患者,同时病情严重的患者送到省级医院接受治疗。在伊朗,难民可以免费获得基础医疗卫生服务,他们能够伊朗人民一样接受新冠检测和治疗。

新冠疫情给当地经济带来了很大的给许多难民带来了沉重的打击。费泽医生在领导健康中心抗疫工作,以及为新冠患者提供治疗之余,还会定期组织与同社区的阿富汗女性进行小组通话,分享有关卫生和健康的信息,同时为受到新冠肺炎间接影响的人送去关爱与温暖。她表示,在过去几个月,越来越多的女性朋友告诉疫情给她们的家庭带来严重影响,她们的压力越来越大

“我和我的患者一样都是阿富汗人,因此他愿意向我敞开心扉,我们拥有相同的文化背景经历。但是骄傲的是,他们相信我不仅仅是一个难民,而是可以帮助他们的人。她说。

 

 

 

Afghan doctor helps refugees fight COVID-19, one phone call at a time

 

Fezzeh, a 38-year-old Afghan refugee, was recently appointed to head up the coronavirus public outreach programme in the Islamic Republic of Iran’s central Esfahan province. On top of her usual duties as head physician at the Razi health centre in Khomeini-Shahr, an area of Esfahan, she now provides phone consultations to Iranian and Afghan patients suffering from or at risk of contracting the virus. For months now, she has stayed well past opening hours with her team of five medical personnel to make phone calls to some 200 families every evening. 

“The coronavirus made me feel powerless, like other doctors around the world,” she says. “These phone calls became an invaluable way for me to reach out to people stuck at home who may need medical advice and services.” 

During these calls, Fezzeh and her team talk to patients who have COVID-like symptoms, before checking up on those who have tested positive for the virus but are not sick enough to be hospitalised. Before heading home, the team speak to other families about health and hygiene precautions to limit transmission. 

“In Iran, people are tired of the coronavirus and, unfortunately, not enough people maintain health precautions and social distancing. But all those we call, especially in the Afghan community, would listen to our advice because it was coming from Dr Hosseini,” says Ameneh, 30, an Iranian midwife working in Fezzeh’s team. 

Fezzeh arrived in Iran as a one-month-old baby after her parents fled conflict in northern Afghanistan’s Sar-e Pol province. Leaving everything behind was not an easy decision for them, but they hoped that in Iran, their children would be able to grow up in safety and have a brighter future. “My mother would say that education is more important than food and clothes,” Fezzeh recalls. 

Refugee children in Iran can attend public schools and follow the same national curriculum as Iranians. Encouraged by her mother, Fezzeh successfully completed her education and, at 19, passed the competitive entrance exams to be admitted to medical school. But at university, she had to overcome the prejudices and socio-economic barriers that deter many refugees from going on to higher education. 

“The expectations I had for myself were so low – I only wanted to become a midwife. But my teacher convinced me that I could do anything I set my mind to,” she says. 

Fezzeh went on to graduate with flying colours. Still, as a refugee, her future as a doctor was far from certain. While refugees in Iran can access jobs in an increasing number of sectors, they are still excluded from certain professions, including medicine. 

Without a medical license, Fezzah volunteered for years at a hospital and organized discussions with the Afghan community to talk about hygiene, nutrition and diet. “I was happy to be able to make a difference in the lives of Afghans in Iran, but I knew I could do so much more,” she says. 

Finally, in 2016, her exemplary work was recognized by the Government of Iran and she was exceptionally given a permit to practice medicine. She became the first and only refugee doctor in Esfahan province, home to about five million inhabitants, including some 100,000 refugees. 

“Sometimes, my Afghan patients are surprised when they find out that I am also from Afghanistan. It is as if they have forgotten that they too can succeed,” she says. 

Today, Fezzeh oversees half a dozen medical staff at the Razi health centre, constructed with support from UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency. Every month, the centre’s doctors and nurses treat nearly 10,000 Iranian and Afghan patients. Since the outbreak of COVID-19, they have been screening, testing and treating patients for the virus and referring more serious cases to provincial hospitals. 

Since the first confirmed coronavirus case was reported in Iran in February, it has spread to all 31 provinces of the country, affecting both refugees and host communities. UNHCR has flown in much needed medical and hygiene items to support the government’s efforts to fight the virus. Refugees have also contributed by sewing masks and gowns for health workers and helping to distribute aid to the poorest members of their communities. 

In Iran, refugees have access to free primary health care and they have been able to get the same COVID-related tests and treatment as Iranian nationals. While they are at no greater risk of contracting the virus than locals, they have been particularly hard hit by the economic reverberations of the pandemic with many having lost their livelihoods. 

On top of her tireless work at the health centre, and the extra shifts she volunteers for at pop-up COVID-19 clinics, Fezzeh organises regular group calls with Afghan women and girls in her community to share information about hygiene and health practices and to lend a caring ear to those feeling the indirect impacts of COVID-19. 

“An increasing number of women over the last months have told me that they are experiencing more and more domestic conflicts, due to increased stress as a result of the loss of livelihoods to COVID,” she says. 

“Being an Afghan like my patients, they feel they can open up to me as we share the same culture and experiences,” she adds. “But what makes me most proud, is that people see me as someone who can help them, not just as a refugee."

 

来源:The UN Refugee Agency

 

 

 

温馨说明:本栏目中文内容由我会根据来源处内容整理并翻译。

 

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